Time to fall back
Daylight saving time is coming to an end. Time will revert back to standard time on Sunday, Nov. 7. All clocks will need to be set back one hour. The standard time to change clocks, according to the Daylight Saving Time Web site, is at 2 a.m. The 2 a.m. changeover was chosen to ensure as little disruption as possible. At this time, most people are at home and when train travel was a major factor, the fewest trains were running at this time. The early morning time also prevents the time change from changing days, which would happen if the change occurred at midnight or 1 a.m. Standard time comes back into effect, on the first Sunday in November. It will continue until the second Sunday in March. Each time zone will switch at the appropriate hour. Benjamin Franklin was the first to suggest the idea of daylight saving time. He revealed his idea in an essay, "An Economical Project." Franklin suggested the idea in 1784, but it wasn't put into practice until after William Willett pulled more attention. Even though Willett's idea differed slightly, it was still the same focus of putting the most daylight to use as possible. Standard time was the initial measurement of the hour of the day, depicted by the placement of the sun. Noon was marked when the sun was at the highest spot. Sundials were used until the Middle Ages. The United States standard time was put into place by the railroads, on Nov. 18, 1883. The railroads were the only ones to enforce standard time, until the Standard Time Act of 1918, according to the Daylight Saving Time Web site. This act adopted standard time zones based on the railroad times and in 1966 gave the Department of Transportation the responsibility for time laws. During World War I, the United States began observing daylight saving time in hopes of saving fuel. The plan was to use more day light and less artificial light, which would reduce the use of energy and fuel. The Uniform Act of 1966 provided the basic framework for alternating between daylight saving and standard time. The reasons that daylight saving time is still practiced vary. Whatever the reason may be don't forget to set your clocks back.